Lunigiana is an historical region, situated in the outermost north of Tuscany, between the Appennines, the Alps Apuane and the Ligurian Sea. Its name comes from the roman colony of Luni, today situated in Liguria. Luni, founded in 177 before Christ, soon became the more important port of the area and gave to the whole territory a great connotation. We found the name Lunigiana in written documents since the first half of the 13th century. Today, with this term, we refer to the territory of the current provinces of La Spezia and Massa-Carrara. The Historical Lunigiana comprises therefore Cinque Terre, Val di Vara, Gulf of the Poets, Val di Magra and the Apuana Coast. The area of Lunigiana is famous for its castles: during the Middle Age existed 160 castles, of which only thirty are now in good state. The historical origins of these castles go back to the times in which the Longobards dominated most part of the Po plain and, as they were looking for a road to the sea, they found a way in this mountains.